Mausoleum of Halicarnassus: Monument of King Mausolus

Mausoleum of Halicarnassus: Monument of King Mausolus

The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus is a mausoleum that has not survived to the present day. The word mausoleum comes from King Mausolos, for whom the mausoleum was built. All buildings of the same type built after King Mausolus were called mausoleums.

Anıtkabir where Atatürk’s tomb is located, Hadrian’s tomb in Rome known as St. Angelo Castle, Taj Mahal built for Shah Jahan, Lenin’s tomb in Moscow are some of the examples that correspond to the concept of mausoleum.

Bodrum Halikarnas Mozolesi Antik Donem Cizimi

Today, the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus is an open-air museum. When you enter the area where the mausoleum, one of the 7 ancient wonders of the world, is located, first visit the closed exhibition hall on the left. This will give you a better understanding of what the mausoleum is like. In the first part of the exhibition halls, you can see a model and a topographical map of the mausoleum. The mausoleum was a 32 x 38 meter structure and consisted of four sections. At the bottom is the pedestal, above it the temple with Ionic columns, above that a pyramidal roof with 24 steps and at the top the statues of Mausolus and Artemisia in a chariot drawn by four horses.

Bodrum Halikarnas Mozolesi Gezisi
Bodrum Halikarnas Mozolesi Gezilecek Yerler

Artemisia was the sister of Mausolus. Although the construction of the mausoleum began in 355 BC while Mausolus was still alive, his sister continued the construction of the monument when he died in 353 BC. Thought to be 55 meters high, the mausoleum was the size of a twenty-story apartment building. The mausoleum, which was last seen in the 12th century, is thought to have been destroyed by an earthquake. The Knights of St. Jean, who came to Bodrum in the 1400s, saw the monument in ruins and used its stones in the construction of Bodrum Castle. In the 1850s, British researcher Newton took the reliefs, statues of Mausolus and Artemisia and parts of the chariot to the British Museum during his excavations in the area where the mausoleum was located.

Bodrum Halikarnas Mozolesi Mezar Odasi
Bodrum Halikarnas Mozolesi Sutun Kalintilari

How much is the entrance fee to the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus?

The entrance fee to the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, built for King Mausolus, the son of King Hecatomnos, is 10TL. Those with Müzekart can enter the museum for free.

Where is the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus and how to get there?

The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus is located very close to Bodrum harbor. If you are in the harbor, walk up Saray Street for about 200 meters. If you are on Turgut Reis Street, you will see the entrance of the museum on the right when you go in the direction of Bodrum Castle. If you are coming by car, you will not find a parking lot because Turgut Reis Street is a narrow and one-way road. But if you find a parking space, it may be possible to quickly visit the mausoleum by pulling to the left on the slightly widening roads and turning on the quads.