Franz Kafka Museum: Prague’s Famous Literary Museum


Franz Kafka is a lonely person who is not actually lonely, but when you remove all the environmental factors, you find a lonely person with a weak personality, who was very afraid of his father as long as he lived. The only thing he could share his loneliness with was a pen and paper.

There is a museum in Prague, where this writer was born and spent part of his life. First opened in Spain in 1999, the Franz Kafka Museum opened in New York in 2002. Since 2005, the museum has been located in Prague and it seems that it will maintain its continuity here.

I’m sending you my hello anyway, what the hell. Let it fall on the ground in front of the door if necessary, maybe it will get up even stronger. – Letters to Milena

In the museum, where photography is forbidden, you can come across Kafka’s photographs, Kafka’s handwritten diaries, letters, in short, many artifacts related to Kafka’s life.

Prag Kafka Muzesi Belgeler
Prag Kafka Muzesi Fotograflar

The maze-like paths lead the visitors in a pessimistic way. Everything is dark, except for the artifacts on display. In the background, a depressive music suitable for Kafka accompanies. It makes us feel like we are in a novel written by the world-famous writer Kafka. You can understand Kafka’s point of view by reading his letters to his lovers and his father. Some of these texts have also been translated into English.

Prag Kafka Muzesi Mektuplari
Prag Kafka Muzesi Ozel Mektuplari

One of the 3 most important women in Kafka’s life was Felis, with whom he lived together at various intervals. The period of continuous separations and reunions was about 5 years. Then a married woman enters his life, her name is Milena. Franz Kafka’s fame increased with the letters he wrote to Milena, one of his hopeless loves.

I am dirty, Milena, infinitely dirty, that’s why I make such a fuss about cleanliness. No one can sing as clean as those at the bottom of hell; the song we believe the angels sing is actually theirs. – Letters to Milena

Franz Kafka’s most positive relationship was with Dora. However, Dora also died of tuberculosis. There is a room reserved for these three women in the museum. A holographic effect is tried to be presented with photographs enclosed in separate glass cases.

Prag Kafka Muzesi Kadinlar
Prag Kafka Muzesi Milena

One of the reasons for Kafka’s existence, and therefore for the existence of the museum, is the writer Max Brod, who became famous early in his time. Born in 1883, Kafka wanted his letters and books written during his lifetime to be burned by his friend Max Brod in his will, but Max Brod thought that Kafka’s works should be known by everyone.

But at the same time, he did not neglect to think once in a while that it was much better to think calmly, as calmly as possible, than to make desperate decisions. – Transformation

Two large statues greet visitors in the garden of the museum. These two male figures are filling the ornamental pool in the garden with their toilets. If you pay attention, the pool looks like a map of the Czech Republic.

Kafka Muzesi Adam Heykelleri
Kafka Muzesi Bas Karakter

You do not buy tickets inside the museum, but from the souvenir shop in the garden. After buying the tickets, as you walk towards the entrance door of the museum, we see a big letter K on the right side. This letter K is the main character of Kafka’s novels.

The right path is not high up, but along a rope stretched just above the ground. It is as if it is not meant to be walked on, but to trip you up. – Aphorisms

To understand Franz Kafka, you need to read the books he wrote. There are very important works such as Letters to Milena to understand his love, Letter to the Father to understand his hatred for his father, and Transformation or The Trial to understand his loneliness.

Prague’s integration with Kafka has led to many monuments and streets related to Kafka. Kafka Street named Namesti Franze Kafky and the Franz Kafka Monument next to the Spanish Synagogue are two examples of such touches.

Prag Kafka Aniti Heykeli
Prag Franz Kafka Sokagi