On the Gallipoli Peninsula in Çanakkale, many soldiers lost their lives during the Gallipoli Wars. In order to keep the memories of these soldiers alive and to ensure that they are passed on to new generations, monuments and martyrdoms have been built at various points on the peninsula.
Akbaş Martyrdom is a martyrdom on the Gelibolu – Eceabat road, 12 km from Eceabat and 35 km from Gelibolu. Organized by OPET within the scope of Respect for History, Akbaş Martyrdom was first built in 1945. In the martyrdom, the new version of which was completed in 2013, the names of 459 martyrs out of 1,213 soldiers who could not be treated and died are written on the upright stones and the names of 754 martyrs are written on both sides of the relief at the back.
Turkish commanders knew how to command and Turkish soldiers knew how to die. This is the secret of our victory in the war. – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
During the Gallipoli War, the wounded soldiers who could be treated in the mobile hospitals were transferred to hospitals at the front and behind the front, while those with severe wounds and those whose treatment would take a long time were transferred to the transportation hospitals at the Ağadere and Akbaş piers, which functioned as wounded transportation stations. The wounded were taken to hospitals in Istanbul and on the Marmara coast from there.
A hospital complex in its entirety, Akbaş fulfilled an important mission during the Gallipoli War. In 1915, soldiers who were seriously wounded in the Arıburnu and Anafartalar areas were to be taken to Selimiye Barracks in Istanbul. A ship named Aleppo, built in 1881 and 110 meters long, was waiting at Akbaş Pier. On that day, 200 severely wounded soldiers were taken on board the Aleppo, as there were more wounded than the Red Crescent ship could carry.
The British submarine HMS E11, commanded by Captain Martin Eric Dunbar Nasmith, had sunk over 90 ships, including the battleship Barbaros Hayrettin, one of the most important ships of the Ottoman navy. On the morning of August 25, 1915, Nasmith bypassed the Red Crescent steamer and fired a torpedo at another steamer with no insignia. This was the steamer Aleppo, which was ready to sail for Istanbul. Hit in the front, the steamer sank into the water and all the soldiers on board were martyred. The soldiers who were pulled out of the sea, with their bloody clothes, were buried in the area behind the martyrdom site.
The road next to Akbaş Martyrdom takes you to the grave of Madame Erika. Madam Erika, a German nurse and the wife of the doctor Captain Ragıp Bey, while trying to treat wounded soldiers during the Gallipoli War, she also communicated with the women in the village of Yalova to sew and provide necessities such as clothes, quilts and tents.
However, he was killed by a shell that hit him on September 26, 1915. On his tombstone is the following statement.
The grave of Madam Dr. Ragıp Bey who was killed by an artillery shell during the execution of his duty 4/1331 Kanun-ı Evvel 17/1915
One of the points where the soldiers who fought hard during the Gallipoli War were martyred is the Kesikdere Martyrdom. Located to the right of the 57th Infantry Regiment Martyr’s Cemetery in the valley, Kesikdere Martyr’s Cemetery is reached by the downward stairs right next to the 57th Regiment Martyr’s Cemetery.
The valley where soldiers from the 57th, 27th, 64th and 18th regiments lie is one of the points where the trenches are closest to each other. Especially on the days of April 25 – 27, the day the Allied Powers started the Gallipoli Land Wars, it was heavily fought and likewise heavily martyred. According to the inscriptions around it, the martyrdom, where the identity information of 1115 soldiers was identified, was completed and put into service in 2006.
Lone Pine Cemetery and Monument
Following the April 25, 1915 land battles, many soldiers lost their lives in Kanlısırt, where intense battles were fought with the landings made by the Australians and New Zealanders.
The British encountered a pine tree in this area and named it Lone Pine, meaning Lone Pine. The battle that took place here has gone down in history as the point where the Battle of Bloody Ridge, the bloodiest and most difficult battle in Australian history, took place.
This area is located on a large area of land. On April 25, the Anzacs invaded this area, but were unable to establish themselves due to the attack of the 27th Regiment. Between April 25 and 28 and between May 1 and 19, Kanlısırt was the scene of fierce fighting, with heavy casualties on both sides. Especially after the successful attack on August 6, some Turkish trenches were captured by the Anzacs.
In this cemetery, which we come across after the Mehmetçikeye Respect Monument, the memory of thousands of soldiers lives on in this cemetery where New Zealand and Australian soldiers predominate. In the semi-symbolic grave, 668 identified and 499 unidentified people lie.