Anamurium Ancient City, which is connected to Anamur district of Mersin, is located at the southernmost tip of Anatolia after Hatay. The original name of the city, Annamiura, which means Windy Cape, changed to Anamurium over time.
During the Byzantine period, several churches were built as it was one of the places accepted as a sacred area. One of these churches is still standing and can be visited. Of course, it is only a stone structure and some of its rooms have pattern mosaics on the floor. These mosaics in the church were covered with pebbles or soil. Although some of the mosaics were moved to the museum, it is said that the mosaics that were not moved to the museum were covered with pebbles and soil to protect them.
Moreover, such an important city needs to be protected much better and vandals should be prevented. The writings on the wall of the church are an indication that the ancient city is not protected well enough.
The ancient city of Anamurium, one of the best-preserved ancient cities of Cilicia, was built on a very large area. After passing the guard hut, you first pass through the cemetery of the city, called necropolis in the ancient city. 350 monumental tombs, large and small, greet the passers-by.
You have to drive through the necropolis to a certain point and then walk the rest of the city on foot. It has a long beach, it is a peaceful place because it is right by the sea. However, it is useful to have something on you against wind breezes.
The findings and mosaics unearthed as a result of the excavations in the Ancient City of Anamurium, as well as the materials used in the ancient period such as oil lamps made of terracotta, ornaments made of bone, grave gifts, etc. were taken to the Anamur Museum, which was opened for the protection and closer examination of visitors, but the Anamur Museum is closed either due to renovations or with the intention of moving to a better structure, and it is not clear how many years later it will open. In case you want to go to the Anamur Museum, I would like to point out that there is no such museum.
Another structure that survived in Anamurium is the aqueducts that provided the city’s drinking water supply. The aqueducts, which sent water to the city’s baths and waterways, are dated to the 3rd century AD.
One of the best preserved odeion of Turkey and the Roman Empire is located in the ancient city of Anamurium. Built in the 2nd century AD with a capacity of 900 people, the odeion was used for official meetings and concerts.
There are as many buildings that have not withstood the test of time as those that have survived. The small hammam, the largest hammam in the city with its two large swimming pools, and the basilica dating back to the 3rd century AD are among the historical buildings that have collapsed.
What are the entrance fee and visiting hours of Anamurium Ancient City?
Since the ancient city is not promoted enough, the number of visitors is very low. Being the southernmost part of Turkey, being able to swim in the sea and being a beautiful ancient city, this is a set of structures that should be on the list of places to visit when you visit Mersin. Anamur Anamurium Ancient City visiting hours are 08:00 – 19:00 every day of the week, including Monday.